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U.S. Senator Mike Enzi, R-Wyo., cosponsored the Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act, which would ease the burden of regulations for haulers of livestock.

“Animal safety and driver flexibility are vital to maintaining a robust agricultural industry,” Enzi said. “Current regulations require extended stops, which can be harmful for livestock during freezing winter months or hot summer months. This bill makes several modifications to existing regulations to help ensure Wyoming’s agriculture industry can continue to grow.”

The legislation, led by U.S. Senator Ben Sasse, R-Neb., was also cosponsored by U.S. Senators Deb Fischer, R-Neb., Kevin Cramer, R-N.D., Jim Risch, R-Idaho, Steve Daines, R-Mont., Marco Rubio, R-Fla., Jon Tester, D-Mont., Tina Smith, D-Minn., Mike Crapo, R-Idaho, Pat Roberts, R-Kan., Cindy Hyde-Smith, R-Miss., Jerry Moran, R-Kan., Doug Jones, D-Ala., John Hoeven, R-N.D., Mike Rounds, R-S.D., Mike Braun, R-Ind., Joni Ernst, R-Iowa, and James Lankford, R-Okla.

Starting December 18, 2017, the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) required commercial vehicle drivers to install an electronic logging device (ELD) in their truck. The ELD will track driver compliance with the Hours of Service (HOS) rules by connecting to the engine to log vehicle motion. The FMCSA exempted livestock haulers from this requirement until further review of a petition filed by the livestock industry. Delay language was also included through the appropriations process.

For livestock, live fish and insects, HOS rules require that haulers turn on their ELD after they cross a 150-air mile radius of the origin of their load (such as cattle). After crossing a 150-air mile radius, haulers must start tracking their on-duty time and can only drive 11 hours before taking a mandatory 10-hour rest time. While the FMCSA is evaluating the impact of the HOS requirements for livestock, they are not expected to make any substantial changes through the issued guidance. 

The inflexibility of these regulations will be costly for haulers (who have a proven safety record) and place the well-being and welfare of cattle, hogs and other livestock at risk. Current law does not allow flexibility for livestock and insects to reach their destination given the vast geography of production and processing facilities, most often spanning from coastal states to the Midwest. Extended stops for a hauler, which would be necessitated by these HOS regulations, are especially dangerous for livestock during summer or winter months; high humidity and winter temperatures with below-freezing wind chills cause significant stress on livestock. 

The Transporting Livestock Across America Safely (TLAAS) Act addresses these problems and eases the burden of these far-reaching HOS and ELD regulations for haulers of livestock or insects.

Specifically, the legislation:

- Provides that HOS and ELD requirements are inapplicable until after a driver travels more than 300-air miles from their source. Drive time for HOS purposes does not start until after 300-air mile threshold.  
- Exempts loading and unloading times from the HOS calculation of driving time.
- Extends the HOS on-duty time maximum hour requirement from 11 hours to a minimum of 15 hours and a maximum of 18 hours of on-duty time.
- Grants flexibility for drivers to rest at any point during their trip without counting against HOS time.
- Allows drivers to complete their trip – regardless of HOS requirements – if they come within 150-air miles of their delivery point.
- Ensures that, after the driver completes their delivery and the truck is unloaded, the driver will take a break for a period that is 5 hours less than the maximum on-duty time (10 hours if a 15-hour drive time).